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Re: On This Day in WWII....
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PostPosted: Sat Dec 13, 2008 8:40 am 
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DECEMBER 13, 1944

On the Western Front... The US 1st Army achieved minor progress in a new offensive 22 miles south of Duren. Allied forces capture Fort Jeanne d'Arc -- the last German stronghold at Metz. The advance of US 7th Army encounters German armored forces and is engaged around Seltz, in Alsace, near the German border.

In Italy... The British 13th Corps (part of US 5th Army) attacks Tossignano. Canadian forces of the British 8th Army have consolidated a bridgehead over the Lamone River, northwest of Russi.

On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces claim to have captured 1700 Germans and Hungarians in the days fighting in Hungary.

In Liberated Greece... Communist rebels continue their offensive. Fighting is reported in Athens and British reinforcements are engaged against the ELAS forces during the morning.

In the Sulu Sea... The American heavy cruiser Nashville (flagship of the Mindoro invasion fleet) and a destroyer are heavily damaged in Kamikaze attacks. Both ships are part of the US invasion force heading for Mindoro in the Philippines.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Sun Dec 14, 2008 8:39 am 
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DECEMBER 14, 1944

In Italy... Canadian elements of British 8th Army are engaged in an effort to widen the bridgehead over the Lamone River. Canadian forces drive the defending German forces back toward the Canale Naviglio.

On the Western Front... German forces counterattack French 1st Army at Colmar in Alsace, capturing an important height dominating the main Mulhouse-Belfort road at a point 25 miles southwest of Mulhouse. Meanwhile, US 3rd Army continues advancing east of Sarreguemines while US 9st Army reaches the Roer River bank.

On the Eastern Front... German reinforcements enter the line between the outskirts of Budapest and Lake Velencze.

In Liberated Greece... After a few hours lull, shelling resumed in the center of Athens. Negotiations for an armistice between the British supported Greek government and the Communist rebels are in progress. The appointment of the Archbishop of Athens as Regent has been suggested.

In the Philippines... US Task Force 38 (Admiral McCain) launches air strikes on airfields throughout Luzon. TF38 includes 13 carriers, 8 battleships and numerous cruisers and destroyers. The attacks are in support of the American landing on Mindoro.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Mon Dec 15, 2008 4:40 pm 
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DECEMBER 15, 1944

In the Philippines... On the island of Mindoro (about 75 miles from Manila), American forces, under the command of General Dunckel, land at San Augustin. The force consists of part of US 24th Division and a parachute regiment. There is almost no resistance and American troops advance up to 8 miles inland. Naval support includes 3 battleships and 6 escort carriers. One carrier and two destroyers are damaged by Kamikaze attacks. Meanwhile, TF38 continues air strikes on airfields on Luzon.

In Burma... Chinese forces capture Bhamo. The British 19th and 36th Divisions link up at Indaw and establish a continuous from against the Japanese in northern Burma.

Over Occupied Holland... RAF Lancaster bombers, escorted by Spitfire fighters, drop 12,000 pound bombs on German E-boat pens at Ijmuiden.

On the Western Front... The US 7th Army enters Germany, along the Palatinate frontier, from Alsace between Wissembourg and Lauterbourg. The French 1st Army is regrouping after its recent advance was countered by German forces.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Tue Dec 16, 2008 8:15 am 
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DECEMBER 16, 1944

On the Western Front... The Battle of the Bulge begins. German forces of Army Group B (Model), under the overall command of Field Marshal Rundstedt, launch an offensive in the Ardennes Forest, between Monschau and Trier, aimed at recapturing Antwerp and splitting the British and American armies. The attacking force consists of the 6th SS Panzer Army (Dietrich) on the right and 5th Panzer Army (Manteuffel) on the left. On the right and left flanks are the German 15th and 7th Armies. Allied forces are taken by surprise. The initial assault targets the line held by US 5th and 7th Corps, parts of US 1st Army (Hodges), in the US 21st Army Group (Bradley) as part of the Allied Expeditionary Force (Eisenhower). A brief artillery barrage precedes that attack. On the first day, German forces successfully breach the American lines. English speaking German troops, wearing captured uniforms and using Allied equipment, infiltrate behind the American lines causing some confusion and uncertainty in the rear areas. Poor weather prevents Allied ground attack aircraft from operating against the German armored columns. Meanwhile, US 3rd Army continues operations along the Saar River until news of the German offensive is received.

In Italy... Elements of British 5th Corps (part of British 8th Army) capture Faenza.

In the Philippines... Japanese planes attack American shipping while US aircraft strike at air bases (in continuing operations by TF38). On Mindoro, the landing forces consolidates the beachhead and begins construction of an landing strip.

In Liberated Greece... British General Scobie publishes the text of the Caserta agreement in which the communist guerrillas promised to work with the established government (in exile, at that time).


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Wed Dec 17, 2008 8:37 pm 
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DECEMBER 17, 1944

On the Western Front... Eisenhower releases the US 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions from AEF reserve to reinforce American troops in the Ardennes. Other infantry and armored forces from US 12th Army Group are also being redeployed to meet the German offensive. Meanwhile, German forces capture 9000 Americans at Echternach, on the extreme right flank of the attack. Soldiers of the 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich kill some 71 American POWs near Malmedy.

Over Germany... Bomber Command attacks Ulm as the primary nighttime targe for the first time and causes large fires.

In Italy... The British 10th Indian Division (an element of British 8th Army), captures crossings over the Senio River, near Faenza.

In the Occupied Dutch East Indies... Part of the British Eastern Fleet conducts air strikes on oil and harbor installations at Belawan-Deli in the north of Sumatra. The planes are from the HMS Illustrious and Indomitable. Admiral Vian commands the operation.

In the Philippines... On Mindoro, American forces capture San Jose Airfield. On Leyte, parts of US 10th and 24th Corps record advances against Japanese positions.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Thu Dec 18, 2008 5:09 pm 
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DECEMBER 18, 1944

In the Philippine Sea... US Task Force 38 is caught in a typhoon while retiring to refuel and replenish. Three destroyers are sunk and 3 fleet carriers, 4 escort carriers and 11 destroyers sustain damage.

Over Japan... US B-29 Superfortress bombers raid Nagoya (nominally the Mitsubishi aircraft assembly works).

Over Occupied China... Some 200 US 14th Air Force planes, and 84 B-29 bombers, attack the Japanese supply base at Hankow causing fires that burn for three days.

Over Occupied Poland... An RAF nighttime attack sinks the Schleswig-Holstein and 8 other ships at Gotenhafen (Gdynia).

In Liberated Greece... British troops begin an offensive against the rebellious Communist forces and capture on of the ELAS strong points on the Piraeus road.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Fri Dec 19, 2008 7:47 am 
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DECEMBER 19, 1944

On the Western Front... Meanwhile, forces of the German 6th SS Panzer Army reach Stavelot in the north while elements of 5th Panzer Army approach Houffalize. Some US forces between these advance continue to defend positions around Gouvy and St. Vith.

From SHAEF... At a meeting of senior Allied commanders, Eisenhower decides to appoint Field Marshal Montgomery, commanding British 21st Army Group, to lead all Allied forces to the north of " the Bulge" in the line created by the German attack. General Bradley, commanding US 12th Army Group, is responsible for all Allied forces to the south. The arrangement is not made public at this time.

On the Eastern Front... In Czechoslovakia, Soviet troops are closing in on the Slovakian railroad junction of Kosice.

From Moscow... A Soviet state commission investigating German atrocities in Lithuania reports that more than 300,000 civilians and about 165,000 prisoners of war were killed in the area.

In the Philippines... It is decided that the Japanese 35th Army on Leyte is no longer to be reinforced or supplied. Nonetheless, fighting continues to the north of Ormoc and throughout the northwest of the island.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Sat Dec 20, 2008 6:49 am 
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DECEMEBER 20, 1944

On the Western Front... Forces of 6th SS Panzer Army strike northward from around Stavelot but encounter heavy resistance from Allied defenders of British 21st Army Group. The 5th Panzer Army continues to advance to the south against forces of US 12th Army Group, but American defenders of the road junctions of St. Vith and Bastogne continue to hold their positions. Allied sources allege that in the area of Monschau the Germans have been shooting American prisoners with machineguns. Meanwhile, the US 3rd Army reports attacking from the Saarlautern bridgehead and having cleared 40 pillboxes and fortified houses.

On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces report capturing about 1000 prisoners in the offensive in Hungary. Miskolcz is reported captured as is the railway junction of Rima-Szecs.

In Liberated Greece... British General Scobie issues a warning to civilians to stay out of areas occupied by ELAS forces because they may be subjected to bombing raids. British tanks and armored cars have lifted the siege of Kifissia RAF base by ELAS troops.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Sun Dec 21, 2008 8:38 am 
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DECEMBER 21, 1944

In the Philippines... On Leyte, advances by US 10th Corps and US 24th Corps link up in the center of the Ormoc Valley. Isolated Japanese forces continue to resist in the area.

On the Western Front... In the north, US forces recapture Stavelot and bring the advance of the German 67th Corps (part of 6th SS Panzer Army), on the right flank of the German attack, to a halt from here to Monschau. To the south, the German 5th Panzer Army has nearly surrounded Bastogne while Houffalize has been secured.

Over Germany... RAF bombers attack Cologne and Bonn.

In the Norwegian Sea... A German convoy runs into a minefield laid by Free French submarine Rubis. This submarine has now sunk a total of 23 ships.

In Burma... Allied forces of the British 14th Army have advanced another 50 miles down the railway corridor to Mandalay and have occupied the Japanese bases of Wuntho and Nankan.

Over Occupied China... US B-29 Superfortress bombers attacked Mukden in Manchuria.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Tue Dec 23, 2008 4:12 am 
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DECEMBER 22, 1944

On the Western Front... In the advance of German 5th Panzer Army, Bastogne is surrounded. An German demand to surrender, issued to the American defenders, is rejected by American General McAuliffe -- commanding the encircled troops. St. Vith is captured late in the day. However, the lack of substantial progress leads Model, commanding Army Group B, and Rundstedt, Commander in Chief West, to recommend an end to the offensive.

In Berlin... Guderian, Chief of the General Staff of the German Army, recommends that the Ardennes offensive be called off.

In Liberated Hungary... A Soviet sponsored provisional government of Hungary is established at Drebrecan.

In the Philippines... On Leyte, there is fighting around Palompon where the Japanese forces on the island are now concentrated.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Tue Dec 23, 2008 5:43 pm 
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DECEMBER 23, 1944

On the Western Front... Although the American defenders of Bastogne continue to hold out against German attacks, elements of the German 5th Panzer Army have by-passed the town and are advancing to the west and northwest. These attacks have reached beyond Rochefort and Laroche. However, improved weather conditions allows Allied ground attack aircraft to harass the German columns. A sudden improvement in the weather permits Allied fighter-bombers to conduct about 900 sorties against German forces in "the Bulge".

In Belgium... Some 26 German V2 missiles explode in Antwerp.

In the United States... All horse racing is banned in an effort to save labor.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Wed Dec 24, 2008 7:03 am 
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DECEMBER 24, 1944

Over Britain... Some 50 specially modified German He111 bombers launch V1 flying bombs in flight, aimed at Manchester. Only 1 bomb hits the target area, 17 fall nearby. A total of 37 people are killed and 67 are injured. Steps are taken to strengthen antiaircraft defenses but no further attacks occur.

In the English Channel... German U-486 sinks the transport Leopoldville, 819 of those on board drown.

On the Eastern Front... In Hungary, Soviet forces are engaged on the outskirts of Budapest while other forces advancing past the city have almost cut it off. Soviet tanks penetrate the outskirts of the Budapest. There is a 25 mile wide corridor to the west.

On the Western Front... The German Ardennes offensive is exhausted by the end of the day. The furthest advance has been achieved by elements of the German 5th Panzer Army. The 2nd Panzer Division has reached the outskirts of Dinant with the 116th Panzer Division on the right flank near Hotten and the Panzer Lehr Division on the left flank to the west of St. Hubert. American forces in Bastogne continue to resist; some 260 Allied transports drop supplies to the defenders. Allied fighter-bombers fly over 600 sorties in the Ardennes.

In the United States... All beef products are again being rationed. New quotas are introduced for most other commodities as well.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Thu Dec 25, 2008 9:20 am 
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DECEMBER 25, 1944

MERRY CHRISTMAS

On the Western Front... Allied forces surrounding the German-held bulge begin counterattacking. The US 4th Armored Division, an element of US 3rd Army, aims at relieving the Americans surrounded in Bastogne. Meanwhile, German attacks are halted by American armor at Celles, about 6 km east of the Meuse River, after having advanced about 80 km since the beginning of the offensive in mid-December.

In Italy... German radio announces a withdrawal of some 2000 yards to the northwest of Faenza after heavy battles.

On the Eastern Front... In Hungary, Soviet forces continue to advance west and southwest of Budapest. To the northwest of Budapest, intensive fighting is reported with Soviet forces now less than 100 miles from Vienna.

In Liberated Greece... Fighting between the Greek government forces and the communist forces begins to die down. British forces have actively assisted the government.

In Athens... British Prime Minister Churchill and Foreign Secretary Eden arrive for talks with Greek leaders, including ELAS representatives.

In the Philippines... On Leyte, part of the US 77th Division makes an amphibious move from Ormoc to San Juan, on the west coast of the island, north of Palompon, where the Japanese forces are concentrated. The landing is unopposed. General MacArthur announces that the Leyte campaign has ended with Japanese losses totalling 113,221.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Sat Dec 27, 2008 5:32 am 
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DECEMBER 26, 1944

On the Western Front... The US 4th Armored Division (an element of US 3rd Army) relieves the American forces in Bastogne. Meanwhile, British Bomber Command makes a daylight raid on the German held transportation hub of St. Vith. The Allies claim to have captured 13,273 German prisoners while the Germans claim over 30,000 Allied POWs and the destruction of 700 American tanks.

In Italy... The British 8th Army now hold a 17 mile frontage on the east bank of the Senio River from Alfonsine to south of Castel Bolognese.

On the Eastern Front... In Hungary, the advancing Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front has nearly encircled Budapest. Several of the western suburbs are claimed to have been captured by the Soviets.

In Athens... British Prime Minister Churchill opens the mediation conference with a brief speech. All Greek political parties, including the Communists, attend in an effort to end the Greek civil war.

In the Philippines... Japanese naval force arriving from Indochina bombards the American beachhead on Mindoro. The force consists of 2 cruisers and 6 destroyers. An American PT Boat sinks one of the destroyers. This is the last sortie by a Japanese naval force in the Philippines.


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Re: On This Day in WWII....
PostPosted: Sat Dec 27, 2008 5:33 am 
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DECEMBER 27, 1944

On the Eastern Front... In Hungary, Soviet forces begin the siege of Budapest.

On the Western Front... Attacks by the British 30th Corps (part of US 1st Army) force the German 2nd Panzer Division (an element of 5th Panzer Army) out of Celles. The US 3rd Army expands the corridor to Bastogne.

Over Germany... The US 8th Air Force bombs Coblenz, Bonn and Kaiserslautern (nominally railway targets). The RAF conducts nighttime raids on Munchen-Gladbach and Bonn.


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